The benchmark capital costs for small piped schemes range from US$30-US$ 130 per person. For intermediate & larger schemes the range is even wider
Updated - Friday 07 December 2012
Expenditure below the minimum benchmark risks reduced service levels and long-term failure. Expenditure higher than the maximum benchmark indicates that an affordability check maybe/is required for users and providers. There may be context-specific reasons for expenditure outside the benchmarks. Economies of scale can occur in densely-populated areas, while costs are higher in areas that are difficult to reach or sparsely populated, or where service levels are higher.
The benchmark capital costs for small piped schemes range from US$ 30 to US$ 130 per person. For intermediate and larger schemes the range is even wider.